Healthcare associated infections

Healthcare associated infections (HAIs) constitute a growing international problem and a major threat to global public health. These infections are currently the third most common cause of death in highly developed countries, following cancer and cardiovascular disease. According to the World Health Organization, WHO, on average every tenth patient seeking care is afflicted by a HAI.1

Healthcare associated infections

Healthcare associated infections, also known as nosocomial infections, are acquired by patients during hospital, or other healthcare facility care and was not present on admission. They often occur in conjunction with medical or surgical procedures. In addition to unnecessary suffering and longer hospital stays for the patient, these infections also entail higher costs and resource allocation for healthcare and society at large.2

Over half of all healthcare associated infections are caused by bacterial growth on medical devices. The urinary tract, respiratory tract and bloodstream are three of the most common areas where HAIs arise. Many HAIs require antibiotic treatment, which means they also contribute to increased antibiotic resistance.3

 

References:
1. WHO. 2016; ISBN 978-4-154992-9
2. SKL. 2017; Report of healthrelated infections. 978-91- 7585-475-5
3. Klevens RM et al, Public Health Rep. 2007 Mar-Apr;122(2):160–6